When Moulay Idriss the 1st entered Morocco, fleeing the Abbasid persecution, he founded the 1st imperial dynasty in Morocco in AD789. He settled down with his army in an area where he was hit with an ax to start construction, from that time it’s called Fes which means an ax in English. Fes is considered to be the oldest imperial city in Morocco. The Medina of Fes with the 9000 alleyways that make it a maze is the embodiment of the country’s history and its spiritual and religious capital, and has been declared a WHS by UNESCO. It consists of two parts, the Fes El-Bali, the historic centre that enclosed within its defensive walls and Fes El-jadid, the imperial city of the Marinids.